RPX Corporation
RPX Corp (Form: 8-K, Received: 10/30/2017 16:16:06)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
————————————————
FORM 8-K
————————————————
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): October 30, 2017

RPXLOGO_A02.JPG  
RPX Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)  
 
Delaware
 
001-35146
 
26-2990113
(State or other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)
 
(Commission File No.)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
One Market Plaza
Suite 1100
San Francisco, CA 94105
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
(866) 779-7641
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Not applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2):
o
 
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
o
 
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
o
 
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
o
 
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
o
 
Emerging growth company
o
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 




Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
On October 30, 2017 , RPX Corporation (the "Company") issued a press release announcing its financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2017 . The full text of the press release is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 and is incorporated herein by reference.
This information shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(d) Exhibits.
Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
 
Press release issued by RPX Corporation dated October 30, 2017





SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
RPX Corporation
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ EMILY T. GAVIN
 
 
Emily T. Gavin
 
 
General Counsel
 
 
 
Date: October 30, 2017
EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
Press release issued by RPX Corporation dated October 30, 2017





EXHIBIT 99.1
RPXLOGO_A02.JPG
 

RPX Announces Third Quarter 2017 Financial Results

Company Initiates Quarterly Cash Dividend
 
SAN FRANCISCO – October 30, 2017 RPX Corporation (NASDAQ: RPXC), the leading provider of patent risk and discovery management solutions, today announced its financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2017 .

Highlights

Total revenue was $85.7 million , compared to $88.5 million in the third quarter of 2016 .

Subscription revenue from patent risk management services—including insurance—was $62.3 million , compared to $62.4 million in the prior year period.
Discovery services revenue was $21.1 million , compared to $18.0 million in the prior year period.

RPX posted a solid third quarter, with results exceeding expectations in both our patent risk management and discovery services businesses, along with increasing cash flow,” Marty Roberts, CEO of RPX Corp. “We also have made progress in identifying new emerging business opportunities that leverage our unique position in the patent space, including tech-enabled services, new licensing models and expansion into foreign jurisdictions.”

Summary Results

GAAP net income for the third quarter was $6.4 million or $0.13 per diluted share, compared to $8.1 million or $0.16 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2016 .

Non-GAAP net income for the third quarter, which excludes stock-based compensation, the amortization of acquired intangibles, fair value adjustments on deferred payment obligations, gains on extinguishment of deferred payment obligations, realized losses on exchange of short-term investments, and their related tax effects, was $10.9 million or $0.22 per diluted share, compared to $12.7 million or $0.25 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2016 .

Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA was $57.2 million for the third quarter of 2017 , less net patent spend of $13.0 million , resulting in non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA less net patent spend, the Company's preferred measure of adjusted pre-tax free cash flow, of $44.2 million for the third quarter of 2017 .

As of September 30, 2017 , RPX's patent segment had more than 325 clients, consisting of patent risk management network members and insurance clients. The Company provides patent risk management services to nearly 450 companies, including those insured under policies sold to venture funds and industry trade associations.

Net patent acquisition spend during the quarter totaled $13.0 million , and included 11 patent transactions.

As of September 30, 2017 , RPX had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $267.5 million and long-term debt of $89.9 million .

Quarterly Dividend and Repayment of Term Facility

The Company also announced that its Board of Directors had approved a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per share of common stock, the first of which is payable on December 5, 2017, to stockholders of record on November 20, 2017.


1




In addition, the Company announced that it will be repaying the approximately $91.3 million outstanding under its term facility in the fourth quarter of 2017. The original terms of the five-year term facility entered into in February 2016 required quarterly repayments through 2021. Pursuant to the terms of the credit agreement, the Company will not incur any early termination costs by early repayment of this facility. The revolving credit facility will remain available for use.

“These changes to our capital structure reflect the Board’s confidence in the long term opportunity for RPX and reinforce its commitment to delivering value to shareholders, even as we continue investing to grow the business,” said Marty Roberts.

Business Outlook
 
This outlook reflects the Company’s current and preliminary view and may be subject to change. Please see the paragraph regarding “Forward-Looking Statements” at the end of this news release.

The Company provided the following business outlook for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017:
Subscription and Discovery revenue [1]
 
$77 - $80 million
Fee-related revenue
 
$0 - $2 million
Total revenue
 
$77 - $82 million
Operating income (non-GAAP)
 
$9 - $12 million
Net income (non-GAAP)
 
$6 - $8 million
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP)
 
$49 - $53 million
Effective tax rate (non-GAAP)
 
35%
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding
 
50 million

The Company provided the following updated business outlook for the full year 2017 :
Subscription revenue [1]
 
$245 - $246 million
Discovery revenue
 
$77 - $79 million
Fee-related revenue
 
$3 - $5 million
Total revenue
 
$325 - $330 million
Cost of revenue (non-GAAP)
 
$203 - $205 million
SG&A (non-GAAP)
 
$67 - $70 million
Operating income (non-GAAP)
 
$54 - $57 million
Net income (non-GAAP)
 
$36 - $38 million
 
 
 
Patent risk management adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP)
 
$196 - $198 million
Discovery services adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP)
 
$20 - $22 million
Total adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP)
 
$216 - $220 million
Net patent spend
 
$110 - $115 million
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA less net patent spend (non-GAAP)
 
$101 - $110 million
 
 
 
Effective tax rate (non-GAAP)
 
35%
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding
 
50 million


2




The Company provided the following updated supplemental information regarding amortization expense for the full year 2017 :
Amortization of patent assets acquired through December 31, 2016
 
$127 million
Amortization of patent assets to be acquired during fiscal 2017
 
$31 - $33 million
Total amortization of patent assets
 
$158 - $160 million
 
 
 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets [2]
 
$8 - $9 million
 ————————
[1]
Subscription revenue is comprised of revenue generated from membership subscription services, premiums earned, net of ceding commissions, from insurance policies, and management fees related to the Company's insurance business.
[2]
RPX excludes amortization expense related to intangible assets (other than patents) acquired in conjunction with the acquisition of businesses from its non-GAAP financial measures.

The above outlook is forward-looking. Actual results may differ materially. The Company is not able, at this time, to provide a forward-looking reconciliation to GAAP outlook for the non-GAAP financial metric outlook it has provided above for the fourth quarter and full year 2017 because of the difficulty of estimating certain items that are excluded from the non-GAAP financial metrics, including those items listed in "Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information" below, the effect of which may be significant. Please refer to the information under the caption “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information” below.

Conference Call
 
RPX management will host a conference call and live webcast for analysts and investors at 2:00 p.m. PDT/5:00 p.m. EDT on October 30, 2017 . Parties in the United States and Canada can access the call by dialing 1-866-564-2842, using conference code 7073187 . International parties can access the call by dialing 1-323-794-2094, using conference code 7073187 .

The conference call will be webcast and investors will be able to access the webcast and slide presentation from the "Investor Relations" section of the company's website at www.rpxcorp.com. A replay of the webcast will be available online at the aforementioned website following the conclusion of the conference call.

About RPX

RPX Corporation (NASDAQ: RPXC) is the leading provider of patent risk and discovery management solutions. Since its founding in 2008, RPX has introduced efficiency to the patent market by providing a rational alternative to litigation. The San Francisco-based company's pioneering approach combines principal capital, deep patent expertise, and client contributions to generate enhanced patent buying power. By acquiring patents and patent rights, RPX helps to mitigate and manage patent risk for its growing client network.

As of  September 30, 2017 , RPX had invested over $2 billion to acquire more than 18,500 US and international patent assets and rights on behalf of more than 325 clients in eight key sectors: automotive, consumer electronics and PCs, E-commerce and software, financial services, media content and distribution, mobile communications and devices, networking, and semiconductors.

RPX subsidiary Inventus is a leading international discovery management provider focused on reducing the costs and risks associated with the discovery process through the effective use of technology solutions. Inventus has been providing litigation support services to corporate legal departments, law firms and government agencies since 1991.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information

This news release dated October 30, 2017 contains non-GAAP financial measures. Tables are provided in this news release that reconcile the historical non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). These non-GAAP financial measures include non-GAAP cost of revenue, non-GAAP selling, general and administrative expenses, non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income per share, and non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA less net patent spend.


3




To supplement the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements presented on a GAAP basis, management believes that these non-GAAP measures provide useful information about the Company’s core operating results and thus are appropriate to enhance the overall understanding of the Company’s past financial performance and its prospects for the future. Management is excluding from some or all of its non-GAAP operating results (1) stock-based compensation expenses (inclusive of related employer payroll taxes), (2) the amortization of acquired intangible assets (other than patents), (3) fair value adjustments on deferred payment obligations, (4) gains on extinguishment of deferred payment obligations, (5) other-than-temporary impairment on short-term investments, (6) realized losses on exchange of short-term investments, and (7) their related tax effects. 

Management uses these non-GAAP measures to evaluate the Company’s financial results and trends, allocate internal resources, prepare and approve our annual budget, develop short- and long-term operating plans, assess the health of our business and determine company-wide incentive compensation. Management believes these non-GAAP measures may prove useful to investors who wish to consider the impact of certain items when comparing the Company’s financial performance with that of other companies. The adjustments to the Company’s GAAP results are made with the intent of providing both management and investors a more complete understanding of the Company’s underlying operational results, trends and performance. 

There are limitations in using non-GAAP financial measures because non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP and may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The non-GAAP financial measures are limited in value because they exclude certain items that may have a material impact on our reported financial results. In addition, they are subject to inherent limitations as they reflect the exercise of judgment by management about which items are adjusted to calculate our non-GAAP financial measures. Management compensates for these limitations by analyzing current and future results on a GAAP basis as well as a non-GAAP basis and also by providing GAAP measures in our public disclosures.

The presentation of additional information should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for or superior to financial results determined in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measure and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

Forward-Looking Statements

This news release and its attachments contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements include the statements by management, statements regarding RPX’s future financial performance as well as any statements regarding the Company’s strategic and operational plans. The Company’s actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements. Factors that may contribute to such differences include, among others, the success of the Company’s new initiatives, changes in our subscription fee rates, changes in the accounting treatment associated with how we recognize revenue under subscription agreements, and the Company’s ability to attract new clients and retain existing clients with respect to our patent risk management and discovery services. Forward-looking statements are often identified by the use of words such as, but not limited to, “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions or variations intended to identify forward-looking statements.  More information about potential factors that could affect the Company’s business and financial results is contained in the Company’s most recent annual report on Form 10-K, its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and the Company’s other filings with the SEC. The Company does not intend, and undertakes no duty, to update any forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances.

#     #     #

Contacts :
Investor Relations
Media Relations
JoAnn Horne
Jen Costa
Market Street Partners
RPX Corporation
+1 415-445-3233
+1 415-852-3180
ir@rpxcorp.com
media@rpxcorp.com


4




RPX Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue
 
$
85,702

 
$
88,461

 
$
248,648

 
$
251,305

Cost of revenue
 
52,282

 
50,830

 
154,722

 
147,566

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
22,517

 
23,615

 
66,762

 
76,414

Operating income
 
10,903

 
14,016

 
27,164

 
27,325

Interest and other income (expense), net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
 
339

 
162

 
761

 
348

Interest expense
 
(981
)
 
(922
)
 
(2,838
)
 
(2,155
)
Other income (expense), net
 
730

 
(490
)
 
2,059

 
813

Total interest and other income (expense), net
 
88

 
(1,250
)
 
(18
)
 
(994
)
Income before provision for income taxes
 
10,991

 
12,766

 
27,146

 
26,331

Provision for income taxes
 
4,625

 
4,651

 
10,595

 
9,829

Net income
 
$
6,366

 
$
8,115

 
$
16,551

 
$
16,502

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.13

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.34

 
$
0.32

Diluted
 
$
0.13

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.32

Weighted-average shares used in computing net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
49,556

 
49,713

 
49,128

 
50,932

Diluted
 
50,317

 
50,247

 
49,887

 
51,462



5




RPX Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
228,410

 
$
100,111

Short-term investments
39,045

 
90,877

Restricted cash
513

 
500

Accounts receivable, net
41,027

 
64,395

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
10,248

 
4,524

Total current assets
319,243

 
260,407

Patent assets, net
148,507

 
212,999

Property and equipment, net
5,691

 
6,948

Intangible assets, net
51,067

 
56,050

Goodwill
159,434

 
151,322

Restricted cash, less current portion
965

 
965

Deferred tax assets
37,410

 
38,261

Other assets
9,537

 
8,337

Total assets
$
731,854

 
$
735,289

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
3,081

 
$
3,197

Accrued liabilities
13,543

 
16,798

Deferred revenue
99,259

 
118,856

Current portion of long-term debt
8,349

 
6,474

Other current liabilities
1,244

 
1,484

Total current liabilities
125,476

 
146,809

Deferred revenue, less current portion
3,680

 
11,552

Deferred tax liabilities
3,819

 
4,023

Long-term debt, less current portion
81,535

 
88,110

Other liabilities
10,834

 
10,514

Total liabilities
225,344

 
261,008

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock
5

 
5

Additional paid-in capital
374,213

 
360,462

Retained earnings
139,250

 
130,249

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(6,958
)
 
(16,435
)
Total stockholders’ equity
506,510

 
474,281

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
731,854

 
$
735,289



6




RPX Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
16,551

 
$
16,502

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
128,278

 
129,312

Stock-based compensation
10,875

 
14,097

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 
(90
)
Amortization of premium on investments
1,139

 
1,564

Deferred income taxes
799

 
(5,975
)
Unrealized foreign currency (gain) loss
(1,709
)
 
2,006

Fair value adjustment on deferred payment obligations

 
(1,920
)
Gain on extinguishment of deferred payment obligation

 
(463
)
Realized loss on exchange of short-term investments

 
290

Other
157

 
902

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of business acquired:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
24,787

 
(8,168
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(6,630
)
 
(11,177
)
Accounts payable
(225
)
 
(276
)
Accrued and other liabilities
(3,239
)
 
(3,742
)
Deferred revenue
(27,470
)
 
(13,063
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
143,313

 
119,799

Investing activities
 

 
 

Purchases of investments
(32,811
)
 
(62,955
)
Maturities of investments
83,335

 
48,073

Sales of investments

 
145,925

Business acquisition, net of cash acquired

 
(228,453
)
Decrease (increase) in restricted cash
(13
)
 
427

Purchases of property and equipment
(1,079
)
 
(3,004
)
Acquisitions of patent assets
(54,492
)
 
(71,021
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(5,060
)
 
(171,008
)
Financing activities
 

 
 

Proceeds from issuance of term debt

 
100,000

Payments of debt issuance costs

 
(2,003
)
Repayment of principal on term debt
(5,000
)
 
(2,500
)
Deferred acquisition payment

 
(1,320
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
5,964

 
3,657

Taxes paid related to net-share settlements of restricted stock units
(4,526
)
 
(3,135
)
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 
90

Payments of capital leases
(278
)
 
(352
)
Repurchase of common stock
(6,629
)
 
(50,752
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(10,469
)
 
43,685

Foreign-currency effect on cash and cash equivalents
515

 
(291
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
128,299

 
(7,815
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
100,111

 
94,983

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
228,410

 
$
87,168


7




RPX Corporation
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Net Income Per Share
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
 
$
6,366

 
$
8,115

 
$
16,551

 
$
16,502

Stock-based compensation [1]
 
3,857

 
4,341

 
11,211

 
14,339

Amortization of acquired intangible assets [2]
 
2,110

 
2,457

 
6,784

 
7,209

Fair value adjustment on deferred payment obligations [3]
 

 

 

 
(1,920
)
Gain on extinguishment of deferred payment obligations [3]
 

 

 

 
(463
)
Realized loss on exchange of short-term investments [3]
 

 

 

 
188

Income tax adjustments [4]
 
(1,471
)
 
(2,216
)
 
(4,874
)
 
(6,311
)
Non-GAAP net income
 
$
10,862

 
$
12,697

 
$
29,672

 
$
29,544

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-GAAP net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.22

 
$
0.26

 
$
0.60

 
$
0.58

Diluted
 
$
0.22

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.59

 
$
0.57

Weighted-average shares used in computing non-GAAP net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
49,556

 
49,713

 
49,128

 
50,932

Diluted
 
50,317

 
50,247

 
49,887

 
51,462


RPX Corporation
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Cost of Revenue
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Cost of revenue
 
$
52,282

 
$
50,830

 
$
154,722

 
$
147,566

Stock-based compensation [1]
 
(126
)
 

 
(347
)
 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets [2]
 
(497
)
 
(548
)
 
(1,553
)
 
(1,592
)
Non-GAAP cost of revenue
 
$
51,659

 
$
50,282

 
$
152,822

 
$
145,974



8




RPX Corporation
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
$
22,517

 
$
23,615

 
$
66,762

 
$
76,414

Stock-based compensation [1]
 
(3,731
)
 
(4,341
)
 
(10,864
)
 
(14,339
)
Amortization of acquired intangible assets [2]
 
(1,613
)
 
(1,909
)
 
(5,231
)
 
(5,617
)
Non-GAAP selling, general and administrative expenses
 
$
17,173

 
$
17,365

 
$
50,667

 
$
56,458



RPX Corporation
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Interest and other income (expense), net
 
$
88

 
$
(1,250
)
 
$
(18
)
 
$
(994
)
Fair value adjustment on deferred payment obligation [3]
 

 

 

 
(1,920
)
Gain on extinguishment of deferred payment obligations [3]
 

 

 

 
(463
)
Realized loss on exchange of short-term investments [3]
 

 

 

 
188

Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net
 
$
88

 
$
(1,250
)
 
$
(18
)
 
$
(3,189
)

RPX Corporation
Reconciliation of Net Income to Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA Less Net Patent Spend
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
$
6,366

 
$
8,115

 
$
16,551

 
$
16,502

Provision for income taxes
4,625

 
4,651

 
10,595

 
9,829

Interest and other (income) expense, net
(88
)
 
1,250

 
18

 
994

Stock-based compensation [1]
3,857

 
4,341

 
11,211

 
14,339

Depreciation and amortization
42,423

 
43,725

 
128,278

 
129,312

Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA [5]
57,183

 
62,082

 
166,653

 
170,976

Net patent spend
(12,990
)
 
(34,800
)
 
(54,575
)
 
(71,934
)
Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA less net patent spend
$
44,193

 
$
27,282

 
$
112,078

 
$
99,042



9




RPX Corporation
Additional Metrics
(in thousands, except client data)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Operating Metrics
 
2017
 
2016
Gross patent spend
 
$
41,490

 
$
98,380

Net patent spend
 
$
12,990

 
$
34,800

 
 
 
 
 

 
As of and for the Three Months Ended September 30,
Financial Metrics
 
2017
 
2016
Subscription revenue [6]
 
$
62,346

 
$
62,414

Discovery revenue
 
21,080

 
17,987

Fee-related revenue
 
2,276

 
8,060

Total revenue
 
$
85,702

 
$
88,461

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
 
$
267,455

 
$
182,707

Deferred revenue, current and non-current
 
$
102,939

 
$
102,691


[1]  
RPX excludes stock-based compensation and related employer payroll taxes from its non-GAAP financial measures.
[2]  
RPX excludes amortization expense related to intangible assets (other than patents) acquired in conjunction with the acquisition of businesses from its non-GAAP financial measures.
[3]  
RPX excludes fair value adjustments and gains on extinguishment related to its deferred payment obligations and realized losses on
exchanges of short-term investments from its non-GAAP financial measures.
[4]
Amount reflects income taxes associated with the above noted non-GAAP exclusions.
[5]
RPX calculates non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA as GAAP earnings before other income or expenses, net, provision for income taxes,
depreciation, amortization, and stock-based compensation expenses (inclusive of related employer payroll taxes).
[6]
Subscription revenue is comprised of revenue generated from membership subscription services, premiums earned, net of ceding commissions, from insurance policies, and management fees related to its insurance business.

10